Cities exert foreign policy muscle
Think diplomacy, and capitals such as Washington, London and Beijing come to mind. Now, globalization is giving rise to a new diplomatic player: cities. According to Foreign Affairs, cities that wield economic clout are forging international ties. Sao Paulo, Brazil’s business capital, is an example: some nations have more consular officials there than in Brasilia, the capital.
Paradiplomacy, or subnational foreign relations, is expanding because local governments are exerting more power and recognize the importance of foreign investment.
Also highlighted is the German state of Baden-Württemberg, which regularly cultivates international partnerships to open export markets for regional businesses.